Transforming a Culture – by Gerry McGovern. Loads of good stuff in here, including “Nothing better illustrates an organization-centric, old model culture than the proliferation of PDFs on a website”.
Ericsson Mobility Report – “The number of mobile subscriptions now exceeds the world’s population.” 7.5bn mobile subscriptions globally, of which ~4.125bn (55%) are smartphones.
Freedom on the Net 2016 – “Internet freedom around the world declined in 2016 for the sixth consecutive year. Two-thirds of all internet users – 67 percent – live in countries where criticism of the government, military, or ruling family are subject to censorship”. Caveat: there are suggestions that the report is somewhat biased; see @lucideer’s replies to my original tweet.
Leave your phone at the door: side channels that reveal factory floor secrets – “if you place a phone near a manufacturing device (CNC mill or 3D printer in the demonstrated attacks), or even just make a phone call to someone standing near one of those machines on the factory floor, then you can gather enough information from the phone sensors to reconstruct the object being fabricated!”
The Guardian has moved to HTTPS – “It allows us to take advantage of emerging technologies, such as service workers, web notifications, ‘add to homescreen’ prompts and offline web pages.”
After Opera’s consumer products (browsers and Opera Max) were taken over by a Chinese consortium on 4 November, Opera and I are parting ways by mutual agreement. I’m no longer a representative or spokesman for Opera products, or the Opera brand.
In my eight and a half years at Opera, I’ve done well over 150 conference talks, visited the USA numerous times; Norway dozens of times; Netherlands seven times; Spain and France four times; Poland, Germany, Romania and Russia three times; India three times (once for nearly a month, once for three days!); Indonesia, Italy, Denmark twice; Japan, Australia, Bulgaria, Sweden, Israel and South Africa.
Opera gave me the freedom to experiment with HTML5, and co-author a book with Remy Sharp; to play around and agitate for responsive images (now in all browsers!); to mentor my friend Lu Yu to become a speaker; to donate speaker fees to an NGO to buy computers for a Cambodian village school, and to sponsor conference diversity tickets so our industry can maybe become less of a white male club.
I’m hugely grateful to those who hired me and managed me for allowing and encouraging this freedom: thank you, Live Leer, Jan Standal, Andreas Bovens, Karin Greve-Isdahl.
I’m proud of the products I worked on, and hope they’ll be stewarded well in the future. I’m proud that Andreas Bovens and I got Progressive Web Apps into Opera for Android. I’m proud of the work I’ve done educating Western developers about the rest of the world. It’s been a joy to meet and work with many, many great people in Opera (shout out to Devrel and PR/ Marketing!), friends in other browsers, and across the industry. Thank you to all of you.
I wish all my ex-colleagues —those who are also leaving, and those who are staying— every success. I’ll be cheering you on.
Yesterday was my last working day. And now, as it’s the first week after my 50th birthday, I’m taking a short break to get over a mild flare-up of my Multiple Sclerosis, and to think about what comes next. Top of the list is training to be a buddhist monk while teaching poor/refugee children in South East Asia, or reprising my 1990s life on a beach earning money playing guitar and reading tarot cards. But those won’t pay my kids through university.
I most enjoy being a public face of an organisation that aims —however modestly— to increase the sum of human happiness via the Web and tech. If you have a job opening that you think would be suitable, and you’d like to rent a Bruce of your own, please get in touch (bruce @ this domain). I’ll still be avidly keeping up with the web industry, and conference talk invitations are still encouraged.
Addendum 30 November 2016. It makes me sad to announce that a group of colleagues – Andreas Bovens, Mathias Bynens, Shwetank Dixit and Vadim Makeev (the entire Opera Developer Relations Team) – who, over the course of the last eight years, have become friends, are also leaving. I wholeheartedly recommend each to any future employer.
Secure web browsing through HTTPS is becoming the norm. Desktop users load more than half of the pages they view over HTTPS and spend two-thirds of their time on HTTPS pages. HTTPS is less prevalent on mobile devices, but we see an upward trend there, too.
(The report is undated, but as the data continues after October 2016, I assume it’s current. As an aside, please put dates on research and stats you publish!)
Erik Isaksen tweeted me asking “I’m wondering why ‘especially on desktop”. I replied with my speculations, reproduced here in longer form :
Despite the rise in mobile use, desktop numbers aren’t declining, and perhaps many people do as I do: I might search and compare products on my mobile, but I actually do the purchases on my desktop machine. It’s a lot easier to type on a full-sized keyboard than a virtual keyboard, and purchases on the web are still laborious. I doubt it’s just me; generally, users abandon mobile purchases twice as often as desktop purchases. (That figure is from Google’s tutorial on the Payment Request API. I’m eagerly awaiting completion of Opera’s implementation.)
Similarly, I never do online banking on my mobile, I always use my desktop machine which has a direct line into it. (Even though I know that my bank’s website is HTTPS. But when I visit my branch, I notice their internal systems are all using IE6…)
It’s also worth bearing in mind that many of the regions that are mobile-first are home to large populations of unbanked people, or populations who don’t use credit cards much. There’s a lot less imperative to offer local websites securely when there is no money changing hands through them, while the services that are popular everywhere (Gmail, Facebook etc) are already HTTPS.
I’m told that HTTPS is comparatively expensive for site owners in the developing economies, and advertising revenues are declining as more and more people use Ad-blockers: 36% of smartphone users in Asia-Pacific use ad-blockers; two-thirds of people in India and Indonesia (source) and statistics from Opera’s built-inn ad-blocker shows that Indonesia has the most ads blocked per person in the region.
I suppose the crux of my speculation is: do people perform different kinds of tasks on mobile and desktop? Some tasks – banking, purchasing – require more convoluted input and are thus more suited to desktop devices with a full-sized keyboard, and such tasks are performed on HTTPS sites.
But this is only speculation. Anyone have any hard data on why HTTPS is more prevalent on desktop than mobile?
8 November 2016: Amelia Bellamy-Royds suggested on Twitter “No hard data, but my guess: secure websites for social media, email, etc., are replaced by native apps on mobile.” This certainly maps to my own experience, as I used the Gmail and Twitter apps on Android.
HTTPS Usage – since 2015, from Chrome users who share usage stats.”Secure web browsing through HTTPS is becoming the norm. Desktop users load more than half of the pages they view over HTTPS and spend two-thirds of their time on HTTPS pages. HTTPS is less prevalent on mobile devices, but we see an upward trend there, too … the prevalence of HTTPS has increased quickly in Russia compared to Japan, which has seen slower growth of HTTPS usage.” Also, and a list of top sites (“By our estimates, the list of sites below accounts for approximately 25% of all website traffic worldwide”) and their HTTPS status.
Pointing the Way Forward – a nice overview of Pointer Events, which unifies listening to mouse, touch and stylus in one model and one API. It’s been a long and winding road to getting them in Blink, but they’re coming next Chromium version. Yay!
VR & accessibility – “there are people who will simply never be able to take part in VR as it currently exists … But other barriers are avoidable, through the right design considerations – through accessibility.”
SVG Authoring Guide by Doug Schepers (W3C) and Chaals McCathie Nevile (Yandex). Looks pretty blumming good.
India in mobile fast lane, but rural areas lag – “research shows that once a woman starts using a mobile phone, the impact is much greater than when a man starts using one, so recommends the government target women first in its campaign to expand mobile penetration in rural areas.”
Is WebVR Ready? – a look at the support of the various necessary APIs in browsers.
The right-wing newspapers today have hit a new low in their attempts to mislead and whip up anger. “Enemies of the people” the Daily Mail headlines, saying that the high court judges “defied 17.4 million Brexit voters”.
Let’s be clear what happened. From the first paragraph of the judges’ summary of their ruling: “The court is not concerned with and does not express any view about the merits of leaving the European Union: that is a political issue.”
A member of the public, Gina Miller, asked the court to review whether the UK government could remove her rights without going to Parliament first. Any citizen can ask for a judicial review; this is because we live under the rule of law. This is a Good Thing, but the right-wing press are trying to undermine this.
The ruling goes on to state (paragraph 2) “It is accepted by all sides that this legal question is properly before the court and justiciable; under the UK constitution, it is for the court to decide”. (Note “all sides” accepted the legitimacy of putting the question before the court.)
The judges decided that triggering Article 50 would fundamentally change UK people’s rights – and that the government cannot change or do away with rights under UK law unless Parliament gives it authority to do so.
Whether or not you approve of this ruling (and, for the record: I do) it is dangerous nonsense to say that the judges are “blocking Brexit” or “enemies of the people”. On the contrary, they are champions of the people: they are upholding British law, upholding the British Constitution, protecting Parliamentary democracy and restoring sovereignty to the people’s representatives.
Samsung targets recovery as mobile slumps – Samsung profits are down because of Galaxy Note 7 recall. Its recovery plan includes new mid-to-low end devices and a “new flagship smartphone”. Networks business profits were up due to LTE growth in emerging markets.
Gartner’s Top 10 Predictions for 2017 and Beyond – “By 2019, 20% of brands will abandon their mobile apps… They simply haven’t delivered the level of adoption and customer engagement that companies expected… Watch for Apple’s reluctant embrace of the mobile web as a vehicle for customer engagement.
Consumer usage patterns in the era of peak smartphone Deloitte’s Global Mobile Consumer Survey 2016: UK Cut. Contains nuggets like “”an online search for a product is over three times more likely to start in a browser (50%) than in an app (15%)” and Millennials prefer laptops (80% ownership) to tablets (59% ownership). 19% of 18-34 year olds intend to buy laptop in next year
Intent to Implement: Shape Detection API – “Photos and images constitute the largest chunk of the Web, and many include recognisable features, such as human faces or QR codes. Hardware manufacturers have long been providing support for such operations given their (high) computational complexity. The Shape Detection API allows accessing these hardware-accelerated detectors where available.”
Generic Sensor API (Working Draft) aims to “promote consistency across sensor APIs, enable advanced use cases thanks to performant low-level APIs, and increase the pace at which new sensors can be exposed to the Web”