- WCAG 3 Introduction (currently an incomplete draft) and request for comments
- First Public Working Draft of CSS Cascading and Inheritance Level 5 – adds cascade layers: “Authors can create layers to represent element defaults, third-party libraries, themes, components, overrides, and other styling concerns—and are able to re-order the cascade of layers in an explicit way, without altering selectors or specificity within each layer, or relying on source-order to resolve conflicts across layers.”
- :focus-visible in WebKit – January 2021 – A report about the work done by Igalia during January 2021 adding support for :focus-visible in WebKit.
- A simple custom – “For whatever reason some people don’t like the standard HTML checkbox and radio button, they seek to jazz ’em up and in the process the often jizz up the usability/accessibility of these controls.” Steve Faulkner to the rescue!
- Get safe – Jezza Keef on the difference between GET and POST
- Improving the usability and accessibility of a healthcare website by being mindful of reading level (Eric Bailey)
- Making Audio and Video Media Accessible (W3C)
- Improving accessibility with accessibility acceptance criteria (gov.uk)
- Why is a CD 74 minutes long? It’s because of Beethoven – sometimes a tech standard is as it is for entirely non-technical reasons.
- South African government releases its own browser just to re-enable Flash support “For some people, it’s apparently easier to manage your own browser than port some web forms from Flash to HTML.”
- An Analysis of Privacy on the App Store – “The top 12 [most data-hungry] apps are all from the same company, Facebook. All of Facebook’s apps collect an ungodly amount of data, the nearest other app is LinkedIn which collects 37 fewer data types.”
- Content-visibility and Accessible Semantics “if you’re using content-visibility on sections of content including headings and semantic structure, screen reader users won’t be able to benefit from that structure on load. This unfortunately degrades accessibility in favor of loading performance” by Marcy Sutton. Later update: “Update: lots of great discussion from the Chrome team, who say it shouldn’t have that effect and they’re looking into it.”
- Researcher Breaks reCAPTCHA With Google’s Speech-to-Text API with a 97 percent success rate.
- Is Progressive Enhancement Dead Yet? – a fun video by Bury St Somerset O‘Groat’s most celebrated web standards video director, Heydon Pickering.
- Base64 Encoding & Performance, Part 1: What’s Up with Base64? – a 2-part series by Harry Roberts
- Rube Goldberg corner: Introducing Zero-Bundle-Size React Server Components – The React community is finally discovering the advantages of doing heavy lifting on the server instead of doing everything on the client.
- Should The Web Expose Hardware Capabilities? asks Noam Rosenthal
- CMA to investigate Google’s ‘Privacy Sandbox’ browser changes – UK Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) has opened an investigation into Google’s proposals to remove third party cookies and other functionalities from its Chrome browser.
- Flash Is Dead writes Tiffany B. Brown.
- ‘Your Cock Is Mine Now:’ Hacker Locks Internet-Connected Chastity Cage, Demands Ransom – Hackers used an exposed API of an internet-connected chastity belt to lock and extort device owners.
- Link o’ The Week: Why it’s good for users that HTML, CSS and JS are separate languages by Hidde de Vries
- Bonus Link o’ The Week: Web Histories – “The Web Histories project is an attempt to document the stories of those who have helped to shape the open web platform, with a focus on those people who are often underrepresented in the formal histories.” by Rachel Andrew
- The F-word episode 7 – Leningrad Lothario, Russian roister-doister Vadim spared a moment from his dizzying social life to sit with me and discuss Chrome 88 and the latest web development Grand Unification Proposal (= make it all JSON)
- A Comprehensive Guide to Accessible User Research – “Researchers often want to include people with access needs in their studies but don’t know where to begin. This three-part series covers the various considerations for adapting your practice to include people with disabilities.”
- Under-Engineered Responsive Tables – “I am just going to show you the bare minimum you need to make a WCAG-compliant responsive HTML table” says Uncle Adrian Roselli:
<div role="region" aria-labelledby="Caption01" tabindex="0"> <table>[…]</table> </div>
- Resources for developing accessible cards/tiles
- Accessible SVGs – I needed this again this week/
- Alt vs figcaption – what’s the difference, when should you use which and how.
- Weaving Web Accessibility With Usability gives actionable advice on usability testing with disabled people (and quotes me!)
- Welcome to Your Bland New World “The VC community is an increasingly predictable and lookalike bunch that just seems to follow each other around from one trivial idea to another”. Excellent article!
- Is Stencil a Better React? by Wix Engineering (a React contributor). “the same JSX as React & some of the same concepts… Compiles to standard web components with optimal performance…Stencil was faster compared to React… also faster compared to Svelte, at least within this use case.”
- CPRA Passes, Further Bolstering Privacy Regulations and Requirements in California “agreement obtained through use of dark patterns does not constitute consent”
- 2020 Affordability Report – “Over a billion people live in the 57 countries in our survey that are yet to meet the UN Broadband Commission’s ‘1 for 2’ affordability threshold. 1GB is the minimum that allows someone to use the internet effectively”
- Clean Advertising – an interesting article by Jezza with a bonus useful tip about tigers which I’ll be trying tonight.
- New UK tech regulator to limit power of Google and Facebook – “the dominance of just a few big tech companies is leading to less innovation, higher advertising prices and less choice and control for consumers”
- New E-Commerce Checkout Research – Why 68% of Users Abandon Their Cart – 28% abandon because site forces them create an account, 21% because checkout process is too long/ complex
- Native Image Lazy-Loading in WordPress Core – wave goodbye to hacky JS bloat, say hello to
- Not so short note on aria-label usage by Steve Faulkner
- Atkinson Hyperlegible Font A new typeface – greater legibility and readability for low vision readers, free from the Braille Institute
- How To Add Closed Captioning To A Video – And What I Learned – lots of stuff I didn’t know about making good captions
- Accessibility and video on-demand streaming services, rating them by Website Accessibility, Audio Description & Closed Captions. Disney+ and iPlayer are the best, Sky Store & Google Play are worst
- A Complete Guide to Dark Mode on the Web
- Focus management and inert – “Personally, I am disappointed by Apple’s lack of support for inert”
- Meet Face ID and Touch ID for the Web – WebKit adds Apple’s Face ID andTouch ID to the Web Authentication API standard. Good stuff.
- Emoji Accessibility for Visually Impaired People” (14pp PDF)
- The most useful accessibility testing tools and techniques – “Here is a list of tools I regularly use to make sure everything I do is accessible for folks with different abilities, whether they are blind or holding a sandwich in their hand.”
- Simulating color vision deficiencies in the Blink Renderer – 86% of web pages have bad text contrast; it’s the most common accessibility error. How can chrome devtools help you deal with that? @mathias (NOT a nerd) tells all
- Override webpage resources with local copies using Microsoft Edge DevTools
- Web-based SVG path editor
- When you tell Chrome to wipe private data about you, it spares two websites from the purge: Google.com, YouTube – Anti-trust case? What anti-trust case?
- Google Launches App That Lets Banks Remotely Lock Your Android Device – “the Device Lock Controller app from Google lets financers of smartphones remotely lock an Android device. users will be able to access very limited functions in their smartphones”
- Malicious apps on iOS and Android clock 2.4 million downloads, $500,000 in revenue – “Researchers were tipped off by a child.”
- New lawsuit: Why do Android phones mysteriously exchange 260MB a month with Google via cellular data when they’re not even in use? “Ad giant sued after mobile allowances eaten by hidden transfers”
- Google AI Tech Will Be Used for Virtual Border Wall, CBP Contract Shows “Customs and Border Protection accepted a proposal to use Google Cloud technology”. How’s “Don’t be evil” going?
- The Mobile Economy: Sub-Saharan Africa – “The mobile phone industry accounted for 9% of sub-Saharan Africa’s collective GDP in 2019 or $155 billion in absolute terms.”
- W3C Launches Initiative to Improve the Web for Merchants
It’s been a while; since the last Reading List! Since then, Vadim Makeev and I recorded episode 6 of The F-Word, our podcast, on Mozilla layoffs, modals and focus, AVIF, AdBlock Plus lawsuit. We also chatted with co-inventor of CSS, Håkon Wium Lie, and Brian Kardell of Igalia about the health of the web ecosystem. Anyway, enough about me. Here’s what I’ve been reading about the web since the last mail.
- An Important Month for Public Sector Web Accessibility – “As of the 23rd of this month, all [UK] public bodies will be expected to conform to Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.1”
- RNIB: Challenge inaccessible websites with our new toolkit – “We want to make challenging all inaccessible websites a straightforward process so we’ve created a toolkit to support the public in using the Equality Act & the Regulations to call out websites.”
- Heading off confusion: When do headings fail WCAG?
- How screen readers navigate data tables by permaglam Leonie Watson
- On not choosing WordPress for the W3C redesign project – the agency redesigning the W3C site has chosen Craft CMS rather than WordPress due to accessibility concerns of Gutenberg
- New Apple accessibility features in iOS 14, iPadOS 14, and watchOS 7 – “Apple makes accessibility top-tier importance, which makes the entire experience better for everyone.”
- Adobe unveils ambitious multi-year vision for PDF: Introduces Liquid Mode “Liquid Mode uses AI .. to understand and identify parts of a PDF, like headings, paragraphs, images, lists, tables, and more. It also attempts to understand the hierarchy and ordering of those parts to reformat a static PDF into a more dynamic and customizable experience.”
- On the Web Share API by Chris Coyier
- Reduce the barrier between your Web App and Native Apps with one quick step – “Make your app a Web Share Target to enable cross app interactions” by Ada Rose Cannon
- Interaction Media Features and Their Potential (for Incorrect Assumptions) – cracking article by Chucklin’ Pat Lauke
- Eruda – Console for Mobile Browsers
- Elements of AI – free course in Artificial Intelligence, from University of Helsinki, translated into all EU languages. “Our goal is to educate 1% of European citizens in the basics of AI”
- Giving users and developers more control over focus – Chromium’s focus-visible and Quick Focus Highlight: a user preference that causes the currently focused element to display an indicator for two seconds, regardless of developer’s CSS devilry
- Full bleed layout using simple CSS – “I try to use the least powerful feature of the language to get the job done”, ah music to my ears
- The failed promise of Web Components by Lea Verou
- Bringing the browser developer tools to Visual Studio Code
- Wikipedia Matters (PDF, 48pp) – “a randomized field experiment to
test whether additional content on Wikipedia pages about cities affects tourists’ choices of overnight visits. Our treatment of adding information to Wikipedia increases overnight stays in treated cities compared to non-treated cities”
- Family wrongly accused of uploading pedo material to Facebook – due to US-EU date confusion in IP address log – “Site accessed on 10/11/2016… is that November 10 or October 11?”
- Mozilla is hiring again after laying off 25% of their staff. It’s interesting to speculate on the new strategy; vacancies include a Strategic Finance Manager running mergers and acquisition, and a Head of Mobile who *must* be in USA, not Asia/ Africa where the action is.
- Top 4 Dying Programming Languages of 2020 – “Don’t learn these 4 languages”. Eh? Learn them! You’ll be in demand when those systems need tweaking. I was offered loads of money because I know COBOL & Fortran. So the cool kids don’t talk about them, but they run Business.
- Zhenhua Data leak: personal details of millions around world gathered by China tech company -“with reported links to the country’s military and intelligence networks”
- we are beautiful – “Our photographer takes photos of volunteers and processes these photos to produce 3D models of their genitals and other body parts. These 3D models are freely available for viewing .. so that you may print them on your own 3D printer”
- The Government Digital Service truly was once world-beating. What happened? – “The UK briefly led the globe in government online services. How has it squandered that lead, asks a former insider”
- Our Voice Assistant Spoke to Google Duplex. Here’s What Happened… – “the first naturally-occurring conversation between AI voice assistants in the wild”
- 5 most annoying website features I face as a blind person every single day – and they are all trivially easy to avoid. No tech esoterica or tricky testing required.
- Intent to Prototype: Customizable <select> Element – “This feature introduces a customizable select HTMLElement, with the working name of <selectmenu>. The element will offer authors full control over its appearance without requiring them to rewrite the model and controller logic underpinning its function.” Exciting work from the Microsoft Edge team.
- AVIF has landed – by Jank Architect – AVIF (pronounced [əˈ vif]) is a new image format that seriously outperforms JPG and PNG. Thanks to <picture>, you can use it now for performance wins.
- Just how much faster is vanilla JS than frameworks? TL;DR: lots. “If you can get away with just vanilla JS, it will give you the best experience, period.If you need state-based UI, Preact is not just smaller than React, but far more performant, too.”
- RFC8890: The Internet is for End Users “when there is a conflict between the interests of end users of the Internet and other parties, IETF decisions should favor end users”. The author of this RFC, Mark Nottingham, blogs about why it is necessary to state this.
- Update on Gutenberg accessibility audit is WordPress doing any better after the crowdfunded audit?
- React Native Accessibility: What, Why, and How? – if you must use it, use it properly.
- Modal – “A simple, accessible modal dialog web component” from Filament Group
- WAI-ARIA usage bookmarklet – by Paciello Group
- How Shopify Reduced Storefront Response Times with a Rewrite “server response times for the new implementation are 4x faster”
- Chinese-Made Smartphones Are Secretly Stealing Money From People Around The World – “Preinstalled malware on low-cost Chinese phones has stolen data and money from some of the world’s poorest people”
- Algorithmic Colonization of Africa “Not only is Western-developed AI unfit for African problems, the West’s algorithmic invasion simultaneously impoverishes development of local products while also leaving the continent dependent on Western software & infrastructure.”
- Enabling Custom Control UI – Interesting doc on potential standard to allow styling any arbitrary part of a native form control, add arbitrary content into any part of a native control while retaining native accessibility & browser behaviours.
- Mobile devices are too expensive for billions of people — and it’s keeping them offline – Nearly 2.5 billion people live in countries where the cost of the cheapest available smartphone is a quarter or more of the average monthly income. This is equal to the share of monthly income the average European household spends on housing and utilities. In Sierra Leone, the average person needs to save six months’ salary to buy the cheapest available smartphone. In India, home to 18% of the world, the price of the cheapest smartphone from leading operator Jio was 206% of average monthly income.
- How to create accessible subtitles – use
role=role="doc-subtitle", by Chris Ferdanini. (Why the “doc” prefix? I guess to stop people thinking it’s for video subtitles)
- Modern CSS Solutions for Old CSS Problems – now on my bookmarks bar
- the end of development for PhoneGap and PhoneGap Build – as Anssi wrote, “It’s been a 10+ year journey to make PhoneGap redundant by gradually adding new capabilities to the web platform through standards. The gap has been filled.”
- HTML5 Accessibility “Things are looking pretty damn rosy as far as Accessibility Support in browsers.” – cheery words from Chucklin’ @stevefaulkner
- Designing Adaptive Components, Beyond Responsive Breakpoints – a talk by Stephanie Walter
- A CSS only “click to animate gif” solution by Chris Heilmann
- Unholy Albatross – “responsively stack all columns into rows based on container size, without an intermediary step where some of the columns becomes rows but not other” by Xiao Zhuo Jia
- Using Chrome to generate more accessible PDFs – “Chrome will automatically generate a tagged PDF when you print a web page and choose the “Save as PDF” destination. Tagged PDFs are more accessible to users with disabilities”
- Mozilla’s laying off another 250 people – I hope Firefox can survive.
- Telling China’s Story: The Chinese Communist Party’s Campaign to Shape Global Narratives – Paper by Stanford Internet Observatory & Hoover Institution examining China’s covert and overt capabilities in the context of modern information operations (e.g., propaganda)
If you don’t know the name Igalia, you’ve still certainly used their code. Igalia is “an open source consultancy specialized in the development of innovative projects and solutions”, which tells you very little, but they’ve been involved in adding many features to the open-source browsers (which is now all browsers) such as MathML and CSS Grid.
One of their new initiatives is very exciting, called Open Prioritisation (I refuse to mis-spell it with a “z”). The successful campaign to support Yoav Weiss adding the <picture> element and friends to Blink and WebKit showed that web developers would contribute towards crowdfunding new browser features, so Igalia are running an experiment to get the diverse interests and needs of the web develoment community to prioritise which new features should be added to the web platform.
They’ve identified some possible new features that are “shovel-ready”—that is, they’re fully specified and ready to be worked on, and the Powers That Be who decide what gets upstreamed and shipped are supportive of their inclusion. Igalia says,
Igalia is offering 6 possible items which we could do to improve the commons with open community support, as well as what that would cost. All you need to do is pledge to the ‘pledged collective’ stating that if we ran such a campaign you’re likely to contribute some dollars. If one of these reaches its goal in pledges, we will announce that and begin the second stage. The second stage is about actually running the funding campaign as a collective investment.
I think this is a brilliant idea and will be pledging some of my pounds (if they are worth anything after Brexit). Can I humbly suggest that you consider doing so, too? If you can’t, don’t fret (these are uncertain times) but please spread the word. Or if your employer has some sort of Corporate Social Responsibility program, perhaps you might ask them to contribute? After all, the web is a common resource and could use some nurturing by the businesses it enables.
If you’d like to know more, Uncle Brian Kardell explains in a short video. Or (shameless plug!) you can hear Brian discuss it with Vadim Makeev and me in the fifth episode of our podcast, The F-Word (transcript available, naturally). All the information on the potential features, some FAQs and no photos of Brian are to be found on Igalia’s Open Prioritization page.
- Open Prioritization and Advocacy – Brian on the experiment and what he personally has decided to pledge
- The F-Word: Brian Kardell on Open Prioritization experiment, Igalia, MathML and the Web commons
- The F-word Episode 5 – Wow, a sonic double whammy! Not only did Taylor Swift release Folklore, but Episode 5 of @fword_dev is just out. Vadim and I invited the George Clooney of web standards, Brian Kardell, to tell us about the Open Prioritization experiment, Igalia, MathML and the Web commons.
- ARIA Grid As an Anti-Pattern – Uncle Aadrdian points out more more bad advice in the ARIA Authoring Practices note. Is there a good, trustworthy alternative to ARIA Authoring Practices guide that devs can copy/ paste from?
- Grids Part 1: To grid or not to grid – “When do you use a grid vs. a table, and why?” by Sarah Higley
- Web Accessibility Checklist – I updated my massive Web Accessibility checklist to include turning off smooth scroll if use prefers reduced motion and to warn against some bits of the ARIA authoring practices, and to trust Uncle Adrian instead
- Inclusively Hiding & Styling Checkboxes and Radio Buttons by Sara Soueidan
- One web component to rule them all? – by Scott Jehl
- All the Ways to Make a Web Component – June 2020 Update – “Compare coding style, bundle size and performance of 33 different ways to make a Web Component.”
- The rise and fall of Adobe Flash – “Before Flash Player sunsets this December, we talk its legacy with those who built it.”
- Ask an expert: Why is CSS . . . the way it is? – Have you ever rolled your eyes and muttered “Just what were the @csswg smoking?”. Web Methuselah Chris Lilley tells you how some of the weirdness got there.
- Google: Mobile-first Indexing – “we’ve begun experiments to make our index mobile-first … our algorithms will eventually primarily use the mobile version of a site’s content to rank pages … If you have a responsive site…you shouldn’t have to change anything.”
- Review of Mozilla’s new Wireguard-based $5/mo VPN service – Mozilla’s VPN is available now for Windows, Android, and iOS.
- Microsoft Announces that it will drop official support of PHP on Windows – “the bottom line is there will likely be very little change for Windows users.”
- Just Too Efficient – Tim Bray
- The Whimsical Club – Websites that spark joy. A curated list of sites with an extra bit of fun.
Yesterday I asked “What’s the most up-to-date info on aria-live regions (and
Should be fine, support is good for live regions. Not sure about
output, though … Oh, you’re adding the
p_with_ the other XHR content? That will have mixed results in my experience.
I’ve seen some failed announcements with live-regions on VoiceOver, especially with iframes. (Announcement of the title seems to kill any pending live content).
outputhas surprisingly good support but (IIRC) is not live by default on at least one browser (IE, I think).
Some more resources people pointed me to:
- ARIA live regions explainer doc on MDN
- On Demand Live Regions A tiny module for making screen readers announce text on demand, without a visual change to the interface, by Heydon Pickering
- output: HTML’s native live region element – Use
role="status"to bridge some gaps in browser/ AT support of <output>
- Accessibility Support Will your code work with assistive technologies?